# Time Lesson

#### Nickey312

##### New Member
In the upcoming weeks I am expected to teach an introductory lesson on time to my first graders. This math class is the lowest of the group and includes several students on IEP's. I was wondering if anybody knew of any fun, interactive activities that are easily adaptable to include all students. >>During this lesson I need to address the typical time vocabulary along with teaching them to read time to the hour.<<

#### Shari

##### Full Member

Type in "make your own clock" and you will find the templates. You can print them on card stock for durability, or cut & paste them onto paper plates. If you print them on cardstock, laminating them will give extra durability. Each child should have a clock to use.

You can use Microsoft Paint program to write the words "minute" and "hour" on the hands before printing. You can also use Paint to erase the numbers, so you have a blank clock. Only the tick marks will remain. Then, give each child small foam (available at Wal-Mart in a tub of various shapes) or paper circles to write the numbers 1-12 on. They can glue the pieces in place or just place them there to make sure they understand the clockwise progression of the hour numbers.

Go to www.montessorimaterials.org to find clock material & lessons (all free to print).

#### Shari

##### Full Member
Telling Time Lesson

Telling time- from the following link at montessorimom.com

http://www.montessorimom.com/?Lessons_of_the_Day:Lesson_of_the_Day_6

You’ll need a clock that has removable numerals or you can make one.
Directions for making a clock
1. You will need a round, flat piece of cardboard or a large paper plate. Place evenly a small piece of Velcro for each number (12) on your clock.
2. Using poster board or strong paper make 12 small circles, on the back of each circle place another piece of Velcro-use the opposite velcro texture that you used on the clock. On the front of each circle, neatly print the numbers 1 through 12.
3. Make the hands (one long one for minutes and short one for hours) of the clock with heavy-duty paper. Make sure the hands are colored a contrasting color compared to the face of the clock. Attach with a brass brad. The hands of the clock should be able to move.

How to Present the Clock. A child who knows how to count well and can easily recognize numeral symbols 1 through 12.
Assemble the clock with the numbers 12 through 1 in the appropriate spaces. Bring the clock to your child’s work area. Take off each number 1 through 12. Slowly, put the numbers back starting with 1 and working your way back to 12. Ask the child if he/she would like to do the exercise. If not, put away the clock and present it later.
After your child has mastered this exercise you can start teaching him/her how to tell time.
Control of error-the numbers don’t line up in proper order.

Put the long hand on the 12 and the short hand on another number, such as 3. And tell your child that this is called 3 o’clock.
Show another time, such as 5 o’clock.

Next show your child a time, such as 10 o'clock. Ask him or her, "What time is this?"
If your child has difficulty with this, do the above exercise some more.

When this is mastered you can use a clock stamp or use these print outs ((file is pdf. Click the link to open the pdf file)
http://www.montessorimom.com/index.php?Sensorial_Equipment:Montessori_Stamp_Clock_Printout

Put the time (o’clock to begin with) under each clock- such as 1 o’clock, 3 o’clock
10 o’clock, 6 o’clock) under each clock.
I usually write it out 1 o'clock like this 1:00. It is easier to transition to reading digital clocks this way.

I slowly show the child how to draw the hands on the first clock-1: 00-
The long hand on the 12 and the short hand on the 1. (I put an arrow at the end of the clock’s hand)

Ask the child if he or she would like to do the next one.

Present half hour and then quarter hour
Do minutes last-5’s, 10’s and 1’s.
Count the minutes in a clock by ones, fives, twos, and tens.

When children can tell basic time an old fashioned wristwatch with hands is a great gift.

Group time Games and Finger plays
Use your arms as the hands of the clock when do this-you can add more "o'clocks" to this finger play.

Hickory Dickory Dock,
The Mouse ran up the clock,
The clock struck one, (Put your arms at one o’clock)
The Mouse ran down,
Hickory Dickory Dock.

Repeat but replace “the clock struck one” with “the clock struck two” and so on.

Hours/ Minutes clock game-
This can be played outdoors with chalk and a large space.
Make a large circle on the playgroup or driveway-
Make markings on the clock 1 through 12.
Have someone call out either “minutes” or “hours”
The person who is “it” hops from number to number , clockwise, counting by ones- 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12 for each hour if “hours” is called.
If “minutes” is called the person hops from number to number counting by 5’s-Jumps from number 12 to 1and counts out “5,” then from 2 to 1 counts out “10”, (2 to 3) “15,” (3 to 4) “20” and so on.

Advanced game: Do this game counterclockwise and count backwards.

“Rock around the Clock”
by Bill Haley has a fun first stanza for the clock activity-
“One, two, three o'clock, four o'clock, rock,
Five, six, seven o'clock, eight o'clock, rock,
Nine, ten, eleven o'clock, twelve o'clock, rock,
We're gonna rock around the clock tonight.”